Ohio Prairie Hall of Fame Inductees

Ohio Prairie  Hall of Fame

  Ohio Prairie Association

tion

Ohio Prairie FAQs

Questions  (FAQs) About Ohio Prairies

Ohio Prairies  to Visit

st

Ohio Prairie Plants Info


Ohio Prairie Plant Species Information

Ohio Prairies Each Season

Ohio Prairies Each Season

Mission & Vision Statements

Mission and Vision Statements

Contact OPA

Contact OPA

Officers & Board Members

Officers and Board of Trustees

Become a Member

Home

Home

About OPA

About OPA

Prairie Links

Prairie Information Links

Prairie Regions  of Ohio

Prairie Regions of Ohio Ohio Prairies Map Become a Member

New Prairie Plant Names


New Latin and Common Names

Go to OPA Facebook page

Persistence of Ohio Prairies

Ohio prIr

Ohio

Persistence of Ohio Prairies Become a Member


1978 Ohio Prairies Report

OBS Ohio Prairie Report

Wild Bergamot

Species

Common Name Wild Bergamot

Latin Name: Monarda fistulosa

[Pronounced: "moh- NARD-ah fist-yu-LOH-sah"]

Type of Plant: Prairie forb ("wildflower")


Identification Helps: Wild bergamot is a common Ohio wildflower. Unlike most prairie forbs, wild bergamot commonly grows in non-prairie areas across the state. It commonly blooms in July and August. It’s lavender flowers are easily identified (see illustration).


Preferred Growing Conditions in the Wild: Wild bergamot grows naturally both in prairies and non-prairie areas, especially in ditches and old fields. It prefers soils of average (mesic, pronounced "MEES-ik " or "MEHZ-ik") moisture availability. Extremely dry or wet sites are not favorable.


Preferred Soils: The species grows in almost all soil types, but does not do well in continually wet or sandy dry soils.


Seasons of Growth and Bloom: New seasonal growth begins in mid- to late April. Vegetative growth continues into July, with flowerheads forming in early July and continuing into August or later.


Natural Distribution in Ohio: Wild bergamot is found naturally throughout the state.


Description and General Information: Wild bergamot is a member of the mint family of plants. It’s flowers and foliage have slight mint-like fragrance. In pre-settlement times, the species was probably found primarily on prairies. But unlike most prairie plants which seldom grow by themselves in non-prairie areas, wild bergamot grows easily in all open field habitats. The discovery of a patch of wild bergamot does not reveal a former prairie. For most prairie plants, that’s so, but wild bergamot grows throughout the state in many ditch and field environments.


Be sure to give this mint a good, gratifying sniff. The fragrance is a mild delight. Even in the dead of winter, the dead flower heads can be crushed to release a bit of mint aroma.

Monarda fistulosa seeds are abundant and tiny. The plant is easily grown in a garden, and it makes an exceptional garden or landscape plant. It is a long-lived perennial. Like most prairie plants, it is seldom effected by summer drought and requires no fertilizing or pesticides.